Experiences of Care in Aotearoa 2022/2023 - Outcomes for Tamariki and Rangatahi


We use an outcomes framework to understand experiences of care, and agencies’ compliance with the NCS Regulations
(National Care Standards and Related Matters) Regulations 2018 View the full glossary

Our Outcomes Framework draws on the six wellbeing outcomes in the Government’s Child and Youth Wellbeing Strategy and incorporates key dimensions from the Whānau Ora Outcomes Framework and the Oranga Tamariki Outcomes Framework.

The six outcomes are:


Children (plural) aged 0-13 yearsView the full glossary
and rangatahi
Young person aged 14 – 21 years of ageView the full glossary
have positive reciprocal relationships based on genuine care, generosity and respect. Parents, caregivers and whānau
Whānau refers to people who are biologically linked or share whakapapa. For the Monitor’s monitoring purposes, whānau includes parents, whānau members living with tamariki at the point they have come into care View the full glossary
have what they need to meet the needs of tamariki.


Tamariki and rangatahi have strong, healthy and positive relationships and connections with their family, whānau, hapū
Sub-tribeView the full glossary
, iwi
TribeView the full glossary
and people around them.


Tamariki and rangatahi, alongside their whānau, are involved, empowered, and supported to become self-determining and leaders of their own lives.


Tamariki and rangatahi feel loved, supported, safe and cared for, and are capable of receiving kindness through love and giving love to others.


Tamariki and rangatahi feel protected and are kept safe by having all aspects of their wellbeing acknowledged, nurtured and supported.


Tamariki and rangatahi are learning and developing skills and knowledge about themselves, their culture, their potential, their future, and their role and place in this world.

This section focuses on what people told us, and what the data says, about the progress agencies are making towards the six outcomes for tamariki and rangatahi in care.

Changes in how Oranga Tamariki has measured its compliance with the NCS Regulations means we are not always able to make comparisons across years and impact on our ability to understand whether and how progress is being achieved. The measures provided are set out below, and where possible year-on-year comparisons are provided.

During this reporting period, 6,054 tamariki and rangatahi were in care. Oranga Tamariki had custody of 5,977 (almost 99 percent); Open Home Foundation had custody of 75; and Barnardos had custody of two. For each outcome, we cover overall findings then we examine what we found for Oranga Tamariki and Open Home Foundation. Due to the small number of rangatahi in Barnardos custody, there is one overall outcomes section for Barnardos later in this report.